Exploring Science Resources

Understanding Climate Change


Climate Hot Map

Climate Hot Map

Step 1: Go to the “Impacts” section of the climate hot map website (click image above).

Step 2: Read the introductory paragraphs and answer the following questions. Which of Earth’s processes are being changed by global warming and climate change?

What are the five major groupings of climate impacts?






Step 3: Click on the “explore Hot Map” tab.

Step 4: Click on one flag of each color to learn about specific impacts of climate change around the world. Complete the chart for each of the flags you choose.

Top Impact
Other Impacts
Two key factors (in your own words)

Create a single PowerPoint slide that presents the information you found. See examples below:


Ocean 1

Ocean 2

Atmospheric Flip Book

Flip Book

Layers of the Atmosphere: Our earth’s atmosphere is perfect for sustaining life. It provides the oxygen and other gases living things need as well as a blanket of warmth surrounding the earth. This atmosphere is divided into layers. The layer closest to the earth is the troposphere, which extends up about 6 miles. Weather and clouds occur in this layer. The next layer up is the stratosphere. It extends from the top of the troposphere to about 30 miles. The ozone layer is in the stratosphere, this ozone layer absorbs the ultraviolet rays which can be harmful. The third layer up is the mesosphere. It extends between 30-53 miles up. Meteoroids burn up as they enter this layer, creating intense heat from the friction caused by this incineration. The uppermost layer is the thermosphere, which goes up about 53-186 miles. Though there is intense heat, (up to 2732 degrees), it would not be felt due to the thin air. And finally, the upper region of the thermosphere is the exosphere. This layer begins at about 186 miles up and extends outward toward space.

Hands-on Activity
Materials needed:

  • Three sheets of plain white paper
  • Markers to label the layers of the atmosphere
  • Information as to what is contained in each layer (given below)
  • Pencils, Crayons or markers to color drawings
  • Scissors and glue to cut out and glue any small images of objects to glue on layer sections

Instructions to make Layers of the Atmosphere Flip-book:

  1. Stack three sheets of white paper on top of each other. Slide the top sheet down about 3/4″, repeat, sliding the second sheet down 3/4″ from the sheet under it until you have three layers showing. Holding the papers firmly, fold the bottom sheets up leaving 3/4″ spacing between the layers, making a 6 layered booklet. Staple three times along the bottom edge.
  2. Have students label the layers from the bottom up: Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Mesosphere (Leaving first layer blank to cover the drawings on the Troposphere). They can draw a picture of the Earth and write title of booklet on this first outside layer.
  3. As each layer is pulled down, students draw or glue pictures (possibly from clip art) on each layer to show what is contained in that particular layer.

The following information can be written inside the opened section of the corresponding layer by the students. Drawings would also go on this opened section of the layer where it is described. (Drawing ideas marked in red)


  • Goes up 8 miles from earth
  • Our weather in in this layer (show clouds, rain, birds, airplanes, kids running with kites, etc.)


  • Goes up 30 miles
  • No clouds
  • Ozone is in this layer (they should write Ozone out on this layer)
  • Two men have jumped out of hot air balloons with parachutes in lower part of this layer (they love to draw this)
  • Jets can fly in lower part


  • Goes up 50 miles
  • Some rockets go this high
  • Comets enter this layer
  • Meteors burn up here


  • Goes up 80 miles
  • Comets enter this layer, as in mesosphere
  • Space station near upper part (they love to draw space stations)


  • Begins about 400 miles up
  • Last layer before outer space
  • Satellites can orbit in this layer
  • Space shuttle and comets can be here


Geodome/Earth Comparative Greenhouse Effect Drawing


Greenhouse Effect Easily Understood with a Diagram

Consider how a geodome/greenhouse atmosphere works similarly to the earth’s atmosphere. Draw a diagram comparing the effects of the processes occurring in each environment after viewing the link provided above.